Bamboos

Home Up Aquatics Bamboos Gingers Other Fact Sheets

Scroll down the list or 'click' on the genus >>  BAMBUSACEPHALOSTACHYUM, DENDROCALAMUSDREPANOSTACHYUM  GIGANTOCHLOA, MELOCANNA,   NASTUS,   PHYLLOSTACHYS,   THYRSOSTACHYS   TIGER GRASS or view the SLIDE SHOW.

For general information on bamboo see BAMBOO NOTES, COOKING BAMBOO SHOOTS & RECIPES or one of the many BAMBOO SLIDE SHOWS in the GALLERY.  To make a purchase from the nursery please see PURCHASING INFORMATION and download a catalogue for current prices.


BAMBOO SPECIES LIST

06/12/2013 - some great new bamboos added today and I have removed some that don't do well in Maleny so I am no longer growing or selling them. 

The species are listed in alphabetical order of their Latin names followed by the maximum height and diameter of culms of mature plants grown in optimum conditions, given in metric. The temperature figure in Celsius is a guide to the temperature at which damage can occur to above ground parts of the plant due to cold if known. Mature clumps can often tolerate slightly colder conditions. Included also is the English common name for the species, if there is one, and if not we have given another common name sometimes in an other language in the interests of making bamboo names more user-friendly. The comments include - other vernacular names plus - the origin, uses and growth habits.

BAMBUSA - A genus of warm temperate to tropical CLUMPING species. They usually have many branches at each node with 1 or 2 prominent.

BAMBUSA chungii   10m x 8cm -10C: - A medium sized bamboo which features culms that have a white powdery, wax covering.  The white culms make it one of the most attractive bamboos of them all.  It is also a very hardy species.
maculata_2.jpg (68900 bytes) BAMBUSA maculata: 15m x 7cm, ? C - Cultivated in Bali & Java where it is known as PRING TUTUL, Tutul meaning spots. Also grows wild in the Moluccas & the Lesser Sunda Islands. The culms have highly contrasting dark blotches when dry. It has been assumed to be a variety of B. vulgaris for many years. Described by Elizabeth Widjaja in Reinwardtia, 11(2): 92 (1997). Used primarily for the furniture but also musical instruments, wall panels, flooring and handicrafts.
ja_oldhamii_2.jpg (119487 bytes) BAMBUSA oldhamii: 18m x 10cm, -9C OLDHAM BAMBOO - Probably native to southern China though reported not to grow wild anywhere, found only under cultivation in China & SE Asia. Grown in Taiwan for its superior edible shoots. An attractive, erect species that can also be grown as a superb windbreak.
BAMBUSA tex. var. fasca (47562 bytes) BAMBUSA textilis var. Fusca: 12m x 5cm, -9C - This variety differs from the typical form in having dark hairs on the back of the culm sheaths (not always, especially not in young clumps). It is also excellent material for split work/weaving.
BAMBUSA textilis var. GRACILIS: 10m x 3cm, -9C  - A slightly smaller variety that makes an elegant addition to a garden. The thin walled culms are good as stakes and light poles for tools.

Top

BAMBUSA tulda: 22m x 10cm, -3C TULDA - Native to India, Burma and Thailand. Straight, strong culms tend to be solid and can take nails without splitting. It is borer resistant and excellent for craft, construction & tool handles. Seedling '91.

CHUSQUEA - a genus of CLUMPING mountain bamboos from central and south America.

  CHUSQUEA coronalis : 7m x 2.5cm, ?C  This one is considered by many to be the most beautiful bamboo in the World.  Lots of tiny leaves on drooping culms.  It is from high in the mountains of Central America.  It does best in cool climates but not cold.  It loves it here in Maleny. 
  CHUSQUEA liebmannii : 10m x 2cm, ?C   - A mountain bamboo from Columbia and Ecuador.  The culms arch down to the ground, it has many short branches at the nodes which form balls of leaves, very attractive.  In the wild it can grow very long thin culms that can climb through surrounding vegetation and steep slopes.  It can be grown on trellis or as espalier.  Here in Maleny it is deciduous losing almost all its leaves in winter and fresh new leaves appear again in late September.
CEPHALOSTACHYUM - a genus of small to medium sized, CLUMPING tropical and subtropical bamboo.
CEPHALOSTACHYUM pergracile: 10m X 5cm, 0 C - An attractive, upright species with numerous branches emerging from higher nodes. Used in SE Asia as a vessel for cooking rice, imparting a unique flavour. Also used for light construction and split work.
DENDROCALAMUS - A genus of CLUMPING bamboos from tropical Asia
DENDROCALAMUS asper : 30m x 30cm, -5C ASPER  - Known as 'PRING BETUNG' in Indonesia. Grows to high altitudes and so can withstand some degrees of frost. Cultivated in many parts of SE Asia for its edible shoots, construction, & craft. The large culms are also used as outriggers on fishing boats. 

Top

  DENDROCALAMUS asper cv : “Sri Pratchin” 10m x 10cm, -5C - A smaller selected cultivar from Prachin Thailand, grown for shoot production. After the disastrous collapse of the Thai asper shoot industry due to mass flowering of their asper cultivars in the late 90s, the industry had to re-establish from seedlings and later from tissue culture of superior clones. This clone is the best, or at least one of the best. It can be considered for a suburban garden because it is not too big or too vigorous and the shoots are great to eat.
hitam_1.jpg (50738 bytes) DENDROCALAMUS asper var. BLACK: 30m x 30cm, -5C BLACK ASPER - We imported this variety from central Java in '94, it has all the characteristics of the typical form except that the internodes are black and the nodes have a white band. It is highly valued in Java where it is known as 'PRING BETUNG HITAM' and used for furniture and craft.

Click thumbnails for larger image

DENDROCALAMUS brandisii : 30m x 20cm, -?C BRANDISII - Similar to DENDROCALAMUS asper, this is one of the worlds largest bamboos. Large leaves & thick walled culms used for construction & craft, shoots are eaten & exported by Thailand where it is known as PHAI-BONGYAI. Seedling '91.
brandisii_black.jpg (69963 bytes) DENDROCALAMUS brandisii: var BLACK 30m x 20cm, -?C BLACK BRANDISII - We discovered this variety amongst a batch of seedlings germinated in '91.  The enhanced colour gives it extra value for uses like furniture making.
DENDROCALAMUS giganteus: 30m x 25cm, -2C GIANT BAMBOO - Another of the worlds largest bamboos, culms are thick walled at the base and used for construction, water pipes, buckets, weaving, boat masts & paper production etc. The cooked shoots are creamy & tender but not widely used except by Vietnamese who know the species as M[AJ]NG T[OO]NG.

Top

DENDROCALAMUS latiflorus: 24m x 20cm, -4C - A principal commercial variety for shoot production in China & Taiwan. A very attractive species with large leaves, strong culms are used for construction.
DENDROCALAMUS minor var. Amoenus 10m x 5cm -6C: - aka Ghost Bamboo, White Bamboo - A beautiful medium sized bamboo that has pale greenish gray culms with darker green stripes and shiny leaves. Of all our bamboos this one maintains the best appearance during winter, it is very hardy for a tropical, clumping species.
 

DENDROCALAMUS Sikkimensis: 20m 20cm -2C - A beautiful big species with culms that turn orange when exposed to sun.  The shoots are edible and popular in the Philippines where it is known as “Sweet Shoot Bamboo”.  The clone from which all the plants in Australia came from flowered and died during 2005 & 2006.  The plants we have are seedlings from that flowering. 

DREPANOSTACHYUM is a genus of medium sized CLUMPING mountain bamboos from the Himalayas
DREPANOSTACHYUM falcatum: 4m x 1cm. -20C. HIMALAYAN WEEPING BAMBOO.
A medium sized, small leafed species suited to temperate climate. In warmer climates it needs a cool, slightly shaded position. An exceptional ornamental.
  DREPANOSTACHYUM Khasianum: 4m x 1cm, -4C KHASIA BAMBOO - Native to the mountains in Nepal, this attractive ornamental has a pale blue bloom on young culms and a purple ring above the node. It does well in pots and prefers some shade.
GIGANTOCHLOA - A genus of clumping bamboos from SE Asia. They have large leaves and an absence of lower branches on mature culms.
GIGANTOCHLOA apus: 20m x 15cm, ? C APUS - Known as "PRING TALI" in Indonesia. 'Tali' means string which can be split from the young culms and has suppleness of leather. The most important construction species in Indonesia, strong and durable.

Top

GIGANTOCHLOA atroviolacea & Tree Frog (44696 bytes) GIGANTOCHLOA atroviolacea: 12m x 8cm, -2C JAVA BLACK BAMBOO - Cultivated only in Central & West Java where it is known as WULUNG. It is valued for its black culms which are used to make furniture and musical instruments. The shoots are also edible turning a yellow-pink after cooking.
GIGANTOCHLOA luteostriata: 10m x 5-7m, ? C - Formerly listed under Unidentified Species – ‘EBF Variegated’ This species was described by Elizabeth Widjaja in Reinwardtia, 11(2): 92 (1997). It is native to Borneo (Sth Kalimantan). It has striking leaves variegated with white stripes.
HIMALAYACALAMUS - A genus of clumping from Nepal, Tibet and north-eastern India. It grows at elevations of 1800m to 2500m

Images on my Flickr account here

HIMALAYACALAMUS asper – 7m, -9C “TIBETAN PRINCESS” - A very attractive, small bamboo species with small leaves. The culms grow out at an angle from the centre of the clump giving it a unique fan shape. After 3 years here in Maleny it has only got to 2m high. It is still quite rare in Australia and I am not sure how high it will grow in our various climates

Top

MELOCANNA - A large CLUMPING genus of 2 species, from East Bengal and Burma.
baccifera.jpg (24734 bytes) MELOCANNA baccifera: 16m x 5cm 7cm, -3C MULI BAMBOO - Native to Burma & Bangladesh where it is one of the most useful species for construction, weaving and domestic utensils, Shoots are edible, the fruits are the size and shape of pears and are also eaten by people and domestic & wild animals. Tabasheer is also a product of this species. Long rhizome necks form an open clump. Seedling '91.
NASTUS - A genus of medium sized CLUMPING bamboos.
NASTUS elatus - leaves (81858 bytes) NASTUS elatus: 20m x 10cm, -1C - A very attractive erect clumping species with long narrow leaves, native to New Guinea. Shoots are delicious and can be eaten raw. Not tolerant of wet soil and does not do well in pots, best propagated by divisions of clumps in the ground.
PHYLLOSTACHYS - A genus of medium to large RUNNING bamboos with two branches at each upper node and grooved culms.
Moso - Shoot (39314 bytes) PHYLLOSTACHYS heterocycla var. pubescens: 28m x 25cm, -17C  MOSO - Known as MOSO in Japan this species is the most widely cultivated bamboo in China and Japan, primarily for its shoots which are the first of the PHYLLOSTACHYS bamboos to appear in spring and are highly regarded, they can be eaten raw if picked early. We have a trail planting which now produces several 100 kgs per year which are sold to restaurants. It is also used for plywood, chop sticks and general construction & crafts. Culms and leaves covered by fine hairs. Seedling '87.
THYRSOSTACHYS - A CLUMPING genus of 2 known species, between 8 and 25m tall.
THYROSTACHYS siamensis (76410 bytes) THYRSOSTACHYS siamensis: 13m x 6cm, ?C MONASTERY BAMBOO - Tight clump lacking branches on the lower two thirds makes this a popular ornamental species. It is also one of the most useful bamboos. The strong culms are used for light construction, craft, umbrella & broom handles, fishing rods, paper pulp & fuel. The young shoots are considered a delicacy. Often planted as a windbreak.

A BAMBOO-LIKE GRASS

tiger_grass.jpg (122566 bytes) THYSANOLAENA maxima - Tiger Grass2-3m x 1cm, -2C -  A bamboo-like tropical grass from Asian.  It is very attractive and makes an excellent screen or feature plant. The large leaves, up to 7cm wide, are used to wrap food for steaming, the flower heads are tied together and used as brooms and the culms are quite stout and are useful as small stakes for seedling or orchid flowers etc. Tiger grass will do well in full sun to light shade and needs ample water to stay lush. It is frost sensitive but plants here have experienced -2C without sign of damage.

Top


Home ] Up ] Aquatics ] [ Bamboos ] Gingers ] Other ] Fact Sheets ]

Join us on facebook for news, more photos, specials and to link up with others.

Please send comments or enquiries to info@earthcare.com.au

Site created by Ecocyber
Copyright 1988 - 2013 Earthcare Enterprises
Last modified: Monday, 22 July 2013