Scroll down the list or 'click' on the
genus >> BAMBUSA,
CEPHALOSTACHYUM, DENDROCALAMUS, DREPANOSTACHYUM
TIGER GRASS or
view the SLIDE SHOW.
For general information on
bamboo see BAMBOO NOTES, COOKING
BAMBOO SHOOTS & RECIPES or one of the many BAMBOO SLIDE
SHOWS in the GALLERY. To make a purchase from the nursery please see PURCHASING INFORMATION
and download a catalogue for current prices.
- some great new bamboos added today and I have removed some that don't do well
in Maleny so I am no longer growing or selling them.
The species are listed in
alphabetical order of their Latin names followed by the maximum height and diameter of
culms of mature plants grown in optimum conditions, given in metric. The temperature
figure in Celsius is a guide to the temperature at which damage can occur to above ground
parts of the plant due to cold if known. Mature clumps can often tolerate slightly colder
conditions. Included also is the English common name for the species, if there is one, and
if not we have given another common name sometimes in an other language in the interests
of making bamboo names more user-friendly. The comments include - other vernacular names
plus - the origin, uses and growth habits.
BAMBUSA - A
genus of warm temperate to tropical CLUMPING species. They usually have many branches at
each node with 1 or 2 prominent.
10m x 8cm -10°C:
- A medium sized bamboo
which features culms that have a white powdery, wax covering. The white culms
make it one of the most attractive bamboos of them all. It is also a very hardy
||BAMBUSA maculata: 15m x 7cm, ?° C -
Cultivated in Bali & Java where it is known as PRING TUTUL,
Tutul meaning spots. Also grows wild in the Moluccas & the Lesser
Sunda Islands. The culms have highly contrasting dark blotches when dry.
It has been assumed to be a variety of B. vulgaris for many years.
Described by Elizabeth Widjaja in Reinwardtia, 11(2): 92 (1997). Used
primarily for the furniture but also musical instruments, wall panels,
flooring and handicrafts.
18m x 10cm, -9°C OLDHAM BAMBOO - Probably native to
southern China though reported not to grow wild anywhere, found only under
cultivation in China & SE Asia. Grown in Taiwan for its superior
edible shoots. An attractive, erect species that can also be grown as a
||BAMBUSA textilis var. Fusca: 12m x 5cm,
-9°C - This variety
differs from the typical form in having dark hairs on the back of the culm
sheaths (not always, especially not in young clumps). It is also excellent
material for split work/weaving.
BAMBUSA textilis var. GRACILIS: 10m x 3cm,
-9°C - A slightly smaller variety that makes an
elegant addition to a garden. The thin walled culms are good as stakes and
light poles for tools.
||BAMBUSA tulda: 22m x 10cm, -3°C TULDA - Native
to India, Burma and Thailand. Straight, strong culms tend to be solid and
can take nails without splitting. It is borer resistant and excellent for
craft, construction & tool handles. Seedling '91.
CHUSQUEA - a genus of CLUMPING mountain
bamboos from central and south America.
: 7m x 2.5cm, ?°C This one is considered by many to
be the most beautiful bamboo in the World. Lots of tiny leaves on drooping
culms. It is from high in the mountains of Central America. It does best in
cool climates but not cold. It loves it here in Maleny.
liebmannii : 10m x 2cm, ?°C - A mountain bamboo from
Columbia and Ecuador. The culms arch down to the ground, it has many short
branches at the nodes which form balls of leaves, very attractive. In the wild
it can grow very long thin culms that can climb through surrounding vegetation
and steep slopes. It can be grown on trellis or as espalier. Here in Maleny it
is deciduous losing almost all its leaves in winter and fresh new leaves appear
again in late September.
CEPHALOSTACHYUM - a genus of small to medium
sized, CLUMPING tropical and subtropical bamboo.
||CEPHALOSTACHYUM pergracile: 10m X
5cm, 0 C - An attractive, upright species with
numerous branches emerging from higher nodes. Used in SE Asia as a vessel for
cooking rice, imparting a unique flavour. Also used for light construction and
- A genus of CLUMPING bamboos from tropical Asia
||DENDROCALAMUS asper : 30m x 30cm, -5°C ASPER -
Known as 'PRING BETUNG' in Indonesia. Grows to high altitudes and so can
withstand some degrees of frost. Cultivated in many parts of SE Asia for its edible
shoots, construction, & craft. The large culms are also used as outriggers on fishing
||DENDROCALAMUS asper cv : “Sri Pratchin” 10m
x 10cm, -5°C - A smaller selected cultivar from
Prachin Thailand, grown for shoot production. After the disastrous collapse of
the Thai asper shoot industry due to mass flowering of their asper cultivars in
the late 90s, the industry had to re-establish from seedlings and later from
tissue culture of superior clones. This clone is the best, or at least one of
the best. It can be considered for a suburban garden because it is not too big
or too vigorous and the shoots are great to eat.
30m x 30cm, -5°C BLACK ASPER - We imported this variety
from central Java in '94, it has all the characteristics of the typical form except that
the internodes are black and the nodes have a white band. It is highly valued in Java
where it is known as 'PRING BETUNG HITAM' and used for furniture and craft.
for larger image
|DENDROCALAMUS brandisii : 30m x 20cm,
-?°C BRANDISII - Similar to DENDROCALAMUS asper, this is one of the worlds largest
bamboos. Large leaves & thick walled culms used for construction & craft, shoots
are eaten & exported by Thailand where it is known as PHAI-BONGYAI. Seedling '91.
||DENDROCALAMUS brandisii: var BLACK 30m x 20cm,
-?°C BLACK BRANDISII - We discovered this variety amongst a batch of seedlings
germinated in '91. The enhanced colour gives it extra value for uses like furniture
||DENDROCALAMUS giganteus: 30m x 25cm, -2°C GIANT BAMBOO - Another
of the worlds largest bamboos, culms are thick walled at the base and used for
construction, water pipes, buckets, weaving, boat masts & paper production etc. The
cooked shoots are creamy & tender but not widely used except by Vietnamese who know
the species as M[AJ]NG T[OO]NG.
||DENDROCALAMUS latiflorus: 24m x 20cm, -4°C - A
principal commercial variety for shoot production in China & Taiwan. A very attractive
species with large leaves, strong culms are used for construction.
var. Amoenus 10m x 5cm -6°C:
- aka Ghost Bamboo, White
Bamboo - A beautiful medium sized bamboo that has pale greenish gray culms
with darker green stripes and shiny leaves. Of all our bamboos this one
maintains the best appearance during winter, it is very hardy for a tropical,
20m 20cm -2C - A
beautiful big species with culms that turn orange when exposed to sun. The
shoots are edible and popular in the Philippines where it is known as “Sweet
Shoot Bamboo”. The clone from which all the plants in Australia came from
flowered and died during 2005 & 2006. The plants we have are seedlings from
DREPANOSTACHYUM is a genus of medium sized
CLUMPING mountain bamboos from the Himalayas
4m x 1cm. -20°C. HIMALAYAN WEEPING BAMBOO.
A medium sized, small leafed species suited to temperate climate. In warmer
climates it needs a cool, slightly shaded position. An exceptional ornamental.
DREPANOSTACHYUM Khasianum: 4m x 1cm, -4°C KHASIA BAMBOO -
Native to the mountains in Nepal, this attractive ornamental has a pale blue
bloom on young culms and a purple ring above the node. It does well in pots and
prefers some shade.
- A genus of clumping bamboos from SE Asia. They have large leaves and an absence of lower
branches on mature culms.
||GIGANTOCHLOA apus: 20m x 15cm, ? °C APUS
- Known as "PRING TALI" in Indonesia. 'Tali' means string which can be split
from the young culms and has suppleness of leather. The most important construction
species in Indonesia, strong and durable.
||GIGANTOCHLOA atroviolacea: 12m x 8cm,
-2°C JAVA BLACK BAMBOO - Cultivated only in Central & West Java where it is known
as WULUNG. It is valued for its black culms which are used to make furniture and musical
instruments. The shoots are also edible turning a yellow-pink after cooking.
||GIGANTOCHLOA luteostriata: 10m x 5-7m,
- Formerly listed under Unidentified Species EBF Variegated This
species was described by Elizabeth Widjaja in Reinwardtia, 11(2): 92 (1997). It is native
to Borneo (Sth Kalimantan). It has striking leaves variegated with white stripes.
HIMALAYACALAMUS - A genus of clumping from Nepal, Tibet and north-eastern India.
It grows at elevations of 1800m to 2500m
Images on my Flickr account here
HIMALAYACALAMUS asper – 7m, -9C “TIBETAN PRINCESS” - A
very attractive, small bamboo species with small leaves. The culms grow out at
an angle from the centre of the clump giving it a unique fan shape. After 3
years here in Maleny it has only got to 2m high. It is still quite rare in
Australia and I am not sure how high it will grow in our various climates
A large CLUMPING genus of 2 species, from East Bengal and Burma.
||MELOCANNA baccifera: 16m x 5cm
MULI BAMBOO - Native to Burma & Bangladesh where it is one of the most useful
species for construction, weaving and domestic utensils, Shoots are edible, the fruits are
the size and shape of pears and are also eaten by people and domestic & wild animals.
Tabasheer is also a product of this species. Long rhizome necks form an open clump.
|NASTUS - A
genus of medium sized CLUMPING bamboos.
||NASTUS elatus: 20m x 10cm, -1°C - A very attractive erect
clumping species with long narrow leaves, native to New Guinea. Shoots are delicious and
can be eaten raw. Not tolerant of wet soil and does not do well in pots, best propagated
by divisions of clumps in the ground.
- A genus of medium to large RUNNING bamboos with two branches at each upper node and
||PHYLLOSTACHYS heterocycla var. pubescens: 28m x 25cm,
-17°C MOSO - Known as MOSO in Japan this species is the most widely cultivated
bamboo in China and Japan, primarily for its shoots which are the first of the PHYLLOSTACHYS
bamboos to appear in spring and are highly regarded, they can be eaten raw if picked
early. We have a trail planting which now produces several 100 kgs per year which are sold
to restaurants. It is also used for plywood, chop sticks and general construction &
crafts. Culms and leaves covered by fine hairs. Seedling '87.
- A CLUMPING genus of 2 known species, between 8 and 25m tall.
||THYRSOSTACHYS siamensis: 13m x 6cm, ?°C MONASTERY
BAMBOO - Tight clump lacking branches on the lower two thirds makes this a popular
ornamental species. It is also one of the most useful bamboos. The strong culms are used
for light construction, craft, umbrella & broom handles, fishing rods, paper pulp
& fuel. The young shoots are considered a delicacy. Often planted as a windbreak.
A BAMBOO-LIKE GRASS
||THYSANOLAENA maxima - Tiger Grass:
2-3m x 1cm, -2°C - A bamboo-like tropical grass
from Asian. It is very attractive and makes an excellent screen or feature
plant. The large leaves, up to 7cm wide, are used to wrap food for steaming, the
flower heads are tied together and used as brooms and the culms are quite stout
and are useful as small stakes for seedling or orchid flowers etc. Tiger grass
will do well in full sun to light shade and needs ample water to stay lush. It
is frost sensitive but plants here have experienced -2°C without sign of damage.